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Pacific Island workers good for business and families

Industry Advocacy

With recent Government statistics showing a sharp drop in the number of working visa applicants, apple and pear growers need to have a range of options for harvest labour. The experience of major citrus producer Costa Group shows how the Seasonal Worker Programme is delivering results elsewhere in the horticulture industry.

Jone Dusilele Raitani from Koro Island in Fiji picking citrus at Costa farm in Renmark says that his family is very happy that he comes to Australia to work. Photo credit: LMAP, Cardno

The Seasonal Worker Programme (SWP) helps Australian farmers meet their seasonal labour needs by providing access to workers from the Pacific and Timor-Leste. The programme offers employers in the agriculture sector access to a reliable, returning workforce when there is not enough local Australian labour to meet seasonal demand. SWP workers gain both skills and income benefiting their families and communities.

In 2016-17 more than 6,000 workers from nine Pacific Island nations and Timor-Leste completed up to six months unskilled seasonal work across Australia under the SWP. According to Department of Home Affairs data, visa approvals for the SWP were up by 56 per cent between July and October 2017 as compared to the same period in 2016.

Does labour choice affect farm productivity and profitability?

The Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics (ABARES) has compared the productivity of SWP workers with working holiday makers (backpackers) in an article titled ‘What difference does labour choice make to farm productivity and profitability in the Australian horticulture industry?’.
In their study they found that, on average, seasonal workers were 20 per cent more productive than working holiday makers, based on fruit picking tasks. Moreover, returning seasonal workers were 15 per cent more productive than new ones as they needed less training.

And, while it costs more to employ seasonal workers, the report authors say that “the direct monetary benefits of hiring seasonal workers is likely to at least cover the higher non-wage labour costs and hence deliver a profitability gain.”


Delivering business benefits

The Costa Group in Renmark South Australia, with over 2,000 hectares of citrus production, employs around 1,000 people annually and joined the SWP in 2012.

Steve Burdette, Costa Group’s Business Development Manager, said that one of the core business benefits of the programme is it helps them get access to reliable labour.

“We have three recruitment areas,” Steve explained. “First and foremost, we look after the local population. We try very hard to make sure locals get the work first, and invariably take on supervisor and quality controller positions, roles with more responsibility.

“Then we have backpackers and workers from the SWP. The biggest issue with backpackers of a seasonal nature is that they start, then their visa ends in three weeks, and we must change people over and train others.

“However, with the SWP, the workers are here for a set period. They are here every day, we know they are going to arrive and they are trained. Having that reliability of labour is critical for us,” he said.

After more than five years in the program, Costa is now looking to expand their participation in the programme beyond people from Tonga and Fiji to include Samoan workers.

The SWP has benefitted Costa’s local employees who are able to fill the skilled supervisory positions while SWP workers and working holiday visa holders make up the unskilled picking labour force. Skilled opportunities for the locals have increased as the business expands. Farmers employing Pacific seasonal workers under the SWP can also reduce training and supervision costs by having the same workers return each season, creating continuity of employment and ongoing skill development. This is a significant win for both.

“I highly recommend this programme to any grower that is serious about securing a reliable workforce and may find it difficult to satisfy their labour needs through a lack of local workers in the first instance,” said Steve.

“The SWP is a partnership and you have to see it as one. At Costa, we make it a priority to look after their wellbeing which means we must know our responsibilities and be committed to the program. This means ensuring they are paid properly, that they get the right number of hours, and they are treated with respect and dignity, because that is the essence of the partnership.”

Costa Group and seasonal workers

While the business benefits of SWP are a tangible benefit for the Costa Group, Steve said that the programme is more than just getting access to labour.

“More importantly is to see the people we recruit changing their lives back home. For us that is an amazing achievement when people go back and build homes, never had running water, now have a new home, a vehicle, and it helps to make them self-sufficient,” said Steve.

When it comes to the performance of Fijian workers, Steve said, “General performance and productivity is very high with the seasonal workers because they are incentivised on their own, to actually earn more money – it is all about getting money back to their families.

“I think Australians don’t really understand the socio-economic background some of them come from. If we can provide opportunities – then we have achieved a great deal from Costa’s perspective,” he said.

Steve went on to say that he often receives emails from workers’ families describing the impact of the SWP on their lives. A recent email from the family of a worker expressed their joy about the boat and vehicle they had purchased with SWP payments with which they planned to start a tourist whale-watching business in Tonga.

As an extra benefit for Costa’s SWP workers, the business organises shipping containers for the workers to send items home, such as generators to do some contract work or start a business.

“We know that the things they take home will make their children and their families very happy. It’s all about helping them to get forward in life and if we can achieve that then I think we have achieved a great deal from Costa’s perspective,” Steve said.

From Fiji to South Australia

One of the seasonal workers picking fruit at Costa in Renmark is Jone Dusilele Raitani from Koro Island in Fiji.

“Back home in my village we are all farmers and I get some money for my family from growing and selling taro and cassava at the Suva market,” said Jone.

SWP participants save an average of $8,500 over a six-month period working in Australia. Jone is planning to invest his earnings in his village as part of the rebuilding efforts following cyclone Winston.

“Before we came here cyclone Winston hit our village very hard. Nothing was left in my village, no houses, no food, no water, no anything. So now we must start again,” said Jone.

“When I go back I will start to build some shelter and buy other things for my family. My family is very happy I came here to work. They know I will get money for us back home to build a house and be able to start again after the cyclone.”

A spokesperson for the programme said “The SWP fills a gap in the Australian labour market, providing Australian farmers with access to a reliable workforce that can return each season, building skills and reducing the need to retrain workers,” she said.

“For workers and their families, it can be a life-changing opportunity as seasonal workers benefit from the opportunity to earn Australian wages and gain valuable on-the-job learning opportunities. ”

Josefa Rasedaseka from Manuku village in Fiji, working in the nursery at Costa in Renmark, says that he has learnt a lot of skills and wants to return next season.



More information

For further information on the Seasonal Worker Programme refer to the Department of Jobs and Small Business website.

Apply to be an Approved Employer under the SWP scheme.

Access Seasonal Workers through Australian-based not for profit labour hire organisation MADEC Australia

Fiji’s Ministry of Labour, Industrial Relations and Productivity can be contacted via email:


This article has been provided by Cardno. Cardno has been contracted by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade to increase the demand for workers in the SWP. For more information on Cardno’s role see:

Labour / employment

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