Australia has recently exported between 1-2 per cent of our total marketable production of apples and 8 per cent of pears. Marketable production refers to the 70 per cent (approximately) of fruit picked and considered Class 1 fruit. It excludes fruit used for canning and juicing. The apple and pear industry aims to achieve exports of 10 per cent of marketable production of apples and pears by 2027 as set out in the 2017 Apple & Pear Industry Export Development Strategy.
The leading markets for Australian apples in recent years have been Papua New Guinea, UK, Indonesia, United Arab Emirates and Thailand. Small volumes were also supplied to other Asian markets including Singapore, Hong Kong, China and Taiwan.
The leading markets for Australian pears in recent years have been New Zealand, Indonesia, Canada, Hong Kong and Singapore.
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Market access and requirements for exporting apples and pears
The Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture and Water Resources is responsible for negotiating new market access for Australian apples and pears. DoA is also responsible for seeking improvements, where appropriate, for existing conditions in markets where Australia already has access.
Different export markets have different requirements for the importation of Australian apples and pears, some of which are outlined here. Growers and exporters are advised to talk with their importers about any additional requirements (such as retailer specifications) they need to meet.
|Importing country||Apples||Pears||Major Phytosanitary Requirements|
|Canada||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, methyl bromide fumigation for light brown apple moth (for apples only) and cold storage. Pyrus communis (European pear) only.|
|China||Yes||Tasmania only. Phytosanitary certificate, orchard and facility registrations, area freedom (or cold treatment) for Medfly and Qfly, monitoring and control for codling moth, and orchard management for light brown apple moth, brown rot and woolly apple aphid.|
|European Union||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate.|
|Fiji||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate; either grown in an area free from fruit flies or cold treatment.|
|Hong Kong||Yes||Yes||No phytosanitary conditions.|
|India||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and specific conditions for Qfly, Medfly, codling moth, light brown apple moth and scarlet mealybug. Fruit fly area freedom (Tasmania, Riverina, Riverland or Sunraysia) or on-shore cold treatment plus in-transit refrigeration.|
|Indonesia||Yes||Yes||General conditions for all fresh fruit imports. Phytosanitary certificate, sourced from fruit fly pest free areas (Riverland, Riverina, Sunraysia or Tasmania) or treated (cold, methyl bromide fumigation or heat).|
|Japan||Yes||Tasmania only. Phytosanitary certificate; fumigation (for codling moth) and pre-clearance.|
|Malaysia||Yes||Yes||General conditions for all fresh fruit imports.|
|New Zealand||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate; cold treated or sourced from fruit fly pest free areas (Riverland or Tasmania).|
|Pakistan||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and freedom from specified pests and diseases.|
|Papua New Guinea||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, fumigated with methyl bromide and kept in cold storage.|
|Singapore||Yes||Yes||No phytosanitary conditions.|
|Solomon Islands||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and cold treatment or methyl bromide fumigation.|
|Sri Lanka||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, sourced from fruit fly pest free area or cold treatment, and cold storage during shipping.|
|Taiwan||Yes||Yes||Tasmania and Riverland only. Phytosanitary certificate; sourced from fruit fly pest free area or cold treated (treatment accepted for Medfly but currently not for Qfly).|
|Thailand||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, registration and audits, orchard management, sourced from a fruit fly pest free area or cold treatment, on-shore or in-transit cold treatment.|
|Tuvalu||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate and import permit.|
|United Arab Emirates||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate.|
|United Kingdom||Yes||Yes||As for the European Union. Note – reduced MRLs in effect from 2014|
|United States||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, freedom from light brown apple moth, sourced from a fruit fly pest free area (Riverland and Tasmania) or cold treatment.|
|Vanuatu||Yes||Yes||Phytosanitary certificate; either grown in an area free from fruit flies or cold treatment.|
|Vietnam||Trade suspended December 2014.|
*Source: Review of apple and pear industry’s market access and biosecurity R&D portfolio, Kalang Consultancy Services, 2012
Exporters are advised to check current export requirements via the Australian Government’s Manual of Importing Countries Requirements before negotiating export contracts. Individual country and commodity protocol documents are available on request. These outline specific measures exporters must put in place to satisfy importing country requirements.