Export markets

The Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture (DoA) is responsible for negotiating new market access for Australian apples and pears. DoA is also responsible for seeking improvements, where appropriate, for existing conditions in markets where Australia already has access.

Different export markets have different requirements for the importation of Australian apples and pears, some of which are outlined here. Growers and exporters are advised to talk with their importers about any additional requirements (such as retailer specifications) they need to meet.

Importing country Apples Pears Major Phytosanitary Requirements
Canada Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate, methyl bromide fumigation for light brown apple moth (for apples only) and cold storage. Pyrus communis (European pear) only.
China Yes Tasmania only. Phytosanitary certificate, orchard and facility registrations, area freedom (or cold treatment) for Medfly and Qfly, monitoring and control for codling moth, and orchard management for light brown apple moth, brown rot and woolly apple aphid.
European Union Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate.
Fiji Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate; either grown in an area free from fruit flies or cold treatment.
Hong Kong Yes Yes No phytosanitary conditions.
India Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and specific conditions for Qfly, Medfly, codling moth, light brown apple moth and scarlet mealybug. Fruit fly area freedom (Tasmania, Riverina, Riverland or Sunraysia) or on-shore cold treatment plus in-transit refrigeration.
Indonesia Yes Yes General conditions for all fresh fruit imports. Phytosanitary certificate, sourced from fruit fly pest free areas (Riverland, Riverina, Sunraysia or Tasmania) or treated (cold, methyl bromide fumigation or heat).
Japan Yes Tasmania only. Phytosanitary certificate; fumigation (for codling moth) and pre-clearance.
Malaysia Yes Yes General conditions for all fresh fruit imports.
New Zealand Yes Phytosanitary certificate; cold treated or sourced from fruit fly pest free areas (Riverina, Riverland, Ord Valley irrigation area, Sunraysia Irrigation Region or Tasmania).
Pakistan Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and freedom from specified pests and diseases.
Papua New Guinea Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, fumigated with methyl bromide and kept in cold storage.
Russia Yes Phytosanitary certificate.
Singapore Yes Yes No phytosanitary conditions.
Solomon Islands Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and cold treatment or methyl bromide fumigation.
Sri Lanka Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, sourced from fruit fly pest free area or cold treatment, and cold storage during shipping.
Taiwan Yes Yes Tasmania and Riverland only. Phytosanitary certificate; sourced from fruit fly pest free area or cold treated (treatment accepted for Medfly but currently not for Qfly).
Thailand Yes Yes Conditions were revised in May 2013- refer to Protocols. Including phytosanitary certificate, registration and audits, orchard management, sourced from a fruit fly pest free area or cold treatment.
Tuvalu Yes Phytosanitary certificate and import permit.
United Arab Emirates Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate.
United Kingdom Yes Yes As for the European Union. Note- reduced MRLs in effect from 2014
United States Yes Phytosanitary certificate, import permit, freedom from light brown apple moth, sourced from a fruit fly pest free area (Riverland, Riverina, Sunraysia and Tasmania) or cold treatment.
Vanuatu Yes Yes Phytosanitary certificate; either grown in an area free from fruit flies or cold treatment.
Vietnam Yes Yes General conditions for all fresh fruit imports. Phytosanitary certificate, import permit and fumigated (if from WA).

*Source: Review of apple and pear industry’s market access and biosecurity R&D portfolio, Kalang Consultancy Services, 2012

Exporters are advised to check current export requirements via DAFF’s Manual of Importing Countries Requirements before negotiating export contracts. Individual country and commodity protocol documents are available on request. These outline specific measures exporters must put in place to satisfy importing country requirements.

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Export data

Australia has recently exported between 1-2 per cent of our total marketable production of apples and pears. Marketable production refers to the 80 per cent (approximately) of fruit picked and considered Class 1 fruit. It excludes fruit used for canning and juicing. The apple and pear industry aims to achieve exports of 10 per cent of marketable production in the next few years.

The leading markets for Australian apples in 2013 were Papua New Guinea, UK, Malaysia and Thailand. Small volumes were also supplied to other Asian markets including Indonesia, Singapore and India.

The leading markets for Australian pears in 2013 were New Zealand, Indonesia and Canada.

Detailed reports of export and import statistics are available for members only.